Different Types of Nurses
In the health care sector, the nursing profession is concerned in holistic care of an individual, family, and the community to promote, attain, and maintain health and enhance the quality of life. Nurses are required to be selfless, helpful, and dedicated to their work. They need to practice different patient approach since nursing has a larger scope of patient care, and patients are to be considered unique from one another, thus, a specialty of nursing skills is crucial. Nurses, nowadays, are permitted to practice independently in a variety of settings such as in the hospital, clinics, city health centers, or even as an individual practitioner. As long the nurse is registered, he/she may continue and develop his/her skills through lectures and seminars.
In the hospital setting, there are various types of nursing. Every area in the hospital may be considered as a critical environment as the longer the patient stays in the hospital the more stressful it is for the patient. One of the major responsibilities of a nurse is to keep the patient safe and comfortable upon recovery. Building of trust and rapport should be the first aspect that needs to be considered in order to accommodate a nurse-patient relationship.
Here are the different types of Nursing:
Cardiac nursing deals with patients who are suffering from various conditions of the cardiovascular system or the heart, under the supervision of a cardiologist. Cardiac nurses are responsible of the post-operative care of the patient, conduct a stress test evaluation, Cardiac monitoring using the telemetry, vascular monitoring and health assessment upon the recovery of the patient.
This specialization has undergone a lot of great changes for the last decades. The cardiothoracic nurse is expected to monitor patients who are due for surgeries such as coronary artery bypass graft, heart transplants, heart valve surgery, lung transplant and other major surgeries that covers the heart and lung area.
Most general medicine nurses are assigned at the ward area. Many of their patients are adults who have complex diseases due to old age or hereditary conditions.
Hemodialysis nurses are greatly responsible in educating the patient, including his or her family, in the absence of the physician and in supporting the patient during the session. Side effects of the dialysis might affect the cooperation of the client that is why it would be necessary to watch over the client until the session is over.
Labor and Delivery Nursing
A labor and delivery nurse assists the pregnant woman during the start of her contractions until when the baby is born. This nurse may work hand in hand with the Nursery Nurse, who takes care of the new born baby upon the delivery of the mother.
Medical and Surgical Nurses
Medical and Surgical Nurses are generally attending the patients who came from the Operating room. They may have patients who are on the geriatric stage or pediatric stage, given the condition that they had undergone a surgery.
Pediatric Nursing deals with young patients, mostly children, who are having health problems.
Other types of nursing include the following:
- Neurology Nursing
- Oncology Nursing
- Psychiatric Nursing
- Operating room Nursing
- Pulmonary Nursing
- Critical Care Unit Nursing
Whichever type of nursing specialization a nurse will pursue, his/her responsibility is to make sure that he/she gives the right medication to the right client with proper explanation, if needed, and right timing. And to bear in mind that the most important part of his/her responsibility is to assure the client`s safety until he or she has recovered from a medical condition.